10/17 – Latin Verb (PPT)

Exam question: what’s the root of ‘audition’?

‘i’ is the phonetic vowel

 

 

probation noun -> ppt

probate adj. -> ppt

prob + a + t *e is ignored because it’s just a rule, not morpheme

 

probe <-non past participle

 

 

 

preface

 

fact => face + e + t <- rule: short e in ppt gets deleted

 

faction => fac + e + t + ion *e gets deleted!

 

fraction => frac + e + t + ion

 

 

produce

production => pro + duce + t + ion

*duce comes from dug

 

sediment => sed + e + t + ion <- short e theme

=> sed + t + ion <- voiceless ‘d’ & ‘t’

=> set + t + ion <- ‘tt’ assibilate to ‘ss’

=> session

 

vision => vis + e + t +ion * must have -t- because it’s ppt marker with ion

* must have e because no other verb stem

 

connect

  • t here is not ppt

 

prediction => pre + dic + e + t + ion

dictation => (dict) + a + t + ion

=> (dic + e + t) + a + t + ion

 

recompense

pendulum

pension => [ppt] -ion

 

compensation =>con + pens + a + t + ion

=> con + (pend + e) + a + t + ion

 

Question: which one is new word: “compensation” or “pension”

“pension” because it follows the old Latin verb rules

 

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10/15 – Latin Verb

heuristic: -ion -> Morpheme: past participant
legion
region
opinion



French rule
Vowel: c -> y

spec (Latin) -> spy (French)
fac -> satisfact[ion] (Latin) -> satisfy (French)



Correction                 => voiced voiceless
con + (root) reg or rec? + e + t + ion     => voiceless voiceless (assimilation)
          ^
          |
     [g] shift to [k]

t voiceless dental stop?




English cognate of 'ag' is 'break'



assibilation
 | + sibilant + t + ion (past participal)
 v
ad


session
sed + e + t + ion =========> sed + t + ion ========> settion =======> session
        e gets deleted        dt becomes tt        tt becomes ss

passion
pat + e + t + ion

patient



Roots with 'ss' always have a short vowel
Roots with 's' have either a long vowel or diphthong