“Ecosystems are the planets life support system – for the human species and all other forms of life” (MEA, 2005). In the light of this statement answer the questions that follow:
- What are ecosystem services?
Ecosystem services are the goods and services that nature provides to better human living.
- List the ecosystem services categories and describe them.
- Provisioning: goods produced by the nature that human takes directly (Food, water)
- Cultural: emotional and psychological benefits humans obtained from nature (spiritual, educational, recreational)
- Regulating: processes that reduce the harmful effects of natural processes for human (Climate, flood, disease regulations)
- Supporting: generation process that supports the other three categories (Photosynthesis, Nutrient cycle, soil formation)
- Use the Costanza et all (2006) study used in the lecture to defend the quote from MEA (2005) presented at the beginning of the question.